Bio-Fuels and Bio-Jet Fuels from Waste.


Integrated bio refineries are facilities that use biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce any combination of renewable fuels, power, heat, steam, and chemicals from biomass. They are analogous to today's petroleum refineries which produce multiple fuels and products from fossil petroleum. Integrated bio refineries have been widely identified as the most promising route to the creation of a new bio-based fuels and the chemicals industry. These new products based on renewable feedstocks, are far more environmentally sustainable than fossil products. By producing multiple products, a bio refinery can take advantage of the differences in biomass components and intermediates and maximize the value derived from the biomass feedstock. With the appropriate design and technologies in place, bio refineries can produce a wide array of renewable bio fuels, green energy and electricity and high-value chemicals, all on a carbon neutral basis - a vast environmental improvement over the processing of fossil fuels.


FSD's partner technology is the only gasification system that can gasify solid biomass, spent liquor (liquid biomass), and co-process feedstocks, which affords the benefits of having a single gasification platform for the integrated bio refinery. Benefits include flexible uses, reduced spares and an ability to steam reform a range of different feedstocks while managing key input costs. 

FSD's partner has successfully completed the upgrading of the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquids it produced from 100% woody biomass. The upgrading resulted in four separate finished products, specifically:


1.Synthesized Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) jet blend stock suitable for blending 50:50 with fossil jet fuel


2.F-76 Naval Distillate specification product in compliance with NATO diesel requirements


3.Diesel blend stock that could be blended on a 50:50 basis with fossil fuel diesel


4.ASTM D-975 diesel specification product suitable for cold weather operation as 100% finished product


The upgrading work showed that the biomass-derived F-T product from the pilot plant could successfully be upgraded to diesel and jet blend fuel, meeting both local and international specifications. This very important accomplishment supports the demonstration of our partners technology in providing renewable, strategically sourced fuels for the U.S. Department of Defense. The company has completed FEL-3 (appropriations-grade) engineering plans for Integrated Bio refineries at the 1,000 ton/day and at the 500 ton/day scale.